National Judicial Network Peer-to-Peer Forum (November 7, 2023): Encountering Immigrant Child Trafficking Victims in Court: The Court’s Role & Tips, Tools, and Steps Courts Can Take

PowerPoint Presentation

Trafficking Data and Findings Checklists Handout


Judges attending the session will discuss lessons learned and implementation ideas from the two presentations OTIP presented on help they provide to child trafficking victims. You can view the May 2023 session here and the October 2023 session here.   

This peer-to-peer session for judicial officers offers a detailed discussion among judges about the steps judges can take when they encounter child victims of human trafficking in their courts. Faculty cover the judge’s roles in ensuring that immigrant child trafficking victims are referred to the Office on Trafficking in Persons (OTIP) at HHS for trafficking determinations that grant the child access to public benefits. Judges can play a role in assuring that U.S. born and foreign-born trafficking victims receive the help they need from the Trafficking Victim Hotline, OTIP and Office of Victims of Crime funded programs. The conversation includes helpful findings judges can make and trauma informed approaches that judges can use in their work with child sex and labor trafficking victims.


  • Judge Melissa Hemstreet, Judge, Kitsap County, Washington, Girls Court 
  • Judge John J. Romero, Jr. (Retired), Judge, Second Judicial District Court, Children’s Court Division, Albuquerque, New Mexico (New Mexico State Team)
  • Leslye E. Orloff, Director, National Immigrant Women’s Advocacy Project (NIWAP), American University Washington College of Law

Additional Webinars and Peer-to-Peer Sessions and materials for judges on human trafficking including sex and labor trafficking of children and adults

Sessions Relevant to Child Trafficking Victims

Sessions Relevant to Child and Adult Trafficking Victims

Human Trafficking Research 

Training Tools