Eligibility Under the Affordable Care Act for Survivors of Domestic Violence, Trafficking, and Other Serious Crimes. As immigrant crime victims apply for legal immigration status under forms of immigration relief designed for immigrant crime victims, their access to health care and other public benefits grows. Which benefits a victim will qualify for will depend on the type of immigration status the victim is pursuing or has been granted. This document provides an overview of which immigrant victims become eligible for which benefits when in the process after filing for legal immigration status. Once an immigrant is considered to meet the federal law definition of lawfully present, they are eligible to purchase health care insurance via the exchange and become subject as well to the tax consequences of the individual mandate.