Bench Card: Overview of Types of Immigration Status [pdf]

This bench card is designed to provide quick access for state criminal, family, and juvenile court judges to help them identify the various types of status that immigrants in the state court might have. It is aimed at assisting judges in recognizing non-citizen parties before them who might need the advice of immigration counsel or other sources of assistance as to how their immigration status might affect or be affected by actions in their state court case. In addition, it is aimed at assisting state court judges in recognizing how their actions might jeopardize a non-citizen’s immigration status.
This bench card is not meant to be an in-depth treatise on immigration law or intended to provide definitive answers regarding immigration rights. Judges using the bench card should be aware that immigration law and the DHS policies that implement U.S. immigration laws are continuously changing.